h t t p : / / w w w . a x m i n s t e r - c a r p e t s . n e t
|Custom made axminster carpet, for an hotel ballroom
Axminster Electronic Jacquard Carpets Weaving
|Axminster carpet, bespoke design from Inter Art Paris
Hôtel Meridien - Paris - France
|Custom made axminster carpet, for an hotel ballroom
Ritz Carlton Jeddah - KSA - Oger International
is not only the name of a town in Devon, England... it is also one
the very best processes
used to manufacture since the 18th century high quality patterned carpets.
(And in fact named from the place where Thomas Whitty produced the first "Axminster" carpet in 1755)
Originally 2 distincly different types of looms were developed under that name :
the "Gripper axminster" looms
Generally, the Gripper - Axminster loom is viewed as better
suited to contract carpet production,
and many of these looms now operate electronically. During this process, the yarn coming from the creel
(the bank of yarns itself located behind the loom) feed into the loom through a yarn selector board,
and pulled by the gripper is cut to a pre-determined length (according to the selected pile height)
and woven simultaneously on the same loom with a jute or synthetic backing.
Designs are created by the use of different yarn colours in specific places during the weaving process co.
the "Spool Axminster" looms
used to weave large runs of carpet, spool axminster looms can produce
with a virtually unlimited number of colours, although there is a limit on the size of the patterns.
Within that process yarns are set up onto a number of spools, one per line into the pattern,
this spools being then loaded onto the Axminster loom into the weaving order in order to achieve each row
of pile yarns while the wrefts and warps woven simultaneously will construct the carpet with a woven backing.
Here are now some of the numerous options available when manufacturing custom made woven axminster carpets,
knowing that in most cases they will be made using 80/20 yarn (80% wool et 20% nylon) this blend combining
the softness, comfort and warmness of wool, with the hard-wearing properties of nylon.
However some axminster carpets may also be woven using
100% wool or 100% nylon yarms.
According to gripper axminster looms : 8 to 16 colours may be selected to be woven into one design,
without price increase. (in fact this, as everything following, apply mainly to jacquard electronic
grippers axminster looms as they are now the most currently globally used to produce
bespoke axminster carpeting for hotels contract.)
This system is providing a nearly no-limit freedom for design creativity and colour combination,
and this from your own design or by selecting a pattern from the 15 000 (or nearby...)
designs existing in archives we have access to, and again a nearly no-limit (except of course their
weight for handling...) to rolls lengths and more over to carpet design or pattern repeat sizes.
Also it is quite easy to understand that by minimising
the number of seams, this will not only reduce the fitting cost,
but long term speaking also significantly improve the carpet overall durability and self resistance to wearing.
The criterias commonly used to determine the quality of an axminster carpet are :
Tuft density is determined by mutliplying the loom's pitch
by the number of rows in the carpet.
Pitch is a set number (generally 7 to 8) which indicates how many warp threads which
will be contained in 2.54 cm (1 inch) of carpet..
The number of rows is a variable which should be specifield by the customer' need
(in fact and again this is related to where the carpet will be finally fitted and for which kind of end-use,
hotel bedroom, domestic use, commercial building, offices, gambling room, stair case etc...)
Rows are woven as weft, and there may be anywhere from 6 to 14 rows in an inch of Axminster carpet.
Therefore, a 10-row specification woven on a 7-pitch loom would have a tuft density of 70 tufts per square inch.
Some standard qualities are :
- 6 rows/inch X 7 pitchs/inch = 23,65/dm X 27,60 = ± 65.000 tufts/m²
- 7 rows/inch X 7 pitchs/inch = 27,60/dm X 27,60 = ± 76.176 tufts/m²
- 8 rows/inch X 7 pitchs/inch = 31,55/dm X 27,60 = ± 87.078 tufts/m²
- 9 rows/inch X 7 pitchs/inch = 35,50/dm X 27,60 = ± 97.980 tufts/m²
- 10 rows/inch X 7 pitchs/inch = 39,43/dm X 27,60 = ± 108.827 tufts/m²
- 11 rows/inch X 7 pitchs/inch = 43,38/dm X 27,60 = ± 119.730 tufts/m²
12, 13 and even 14 rows qualities may also be woven.
Even if visual aspect as colour-ways of 2 carpets (for example : one being woven in 7 rows and the
other one in 11 rows density) are identical it quite obvious that total pile weights and therefore
inherent properties and qualities will be very much different...
| Knowing what will be the end use of an axminster
carpet being purchased for,
is essential to be in a position to advise properly which will be the most adequate quality
Pile height is another variable which should be specified
by the customer.
A number of factors must be considered when determining the optimal pile height -
required finished pile weight, end use and traffic, patterns and fitting method
(direct stick, double stick or stretch fitting on felt) being along them.
Axminster carpets pile height can vary from c.a. 5,5mm to c.a. 20 mm
Yarn system and wool origin
Yarn ply (generally, 2 or 3) and thickness are key factors
in establishing an
Axminster carpet's finished weight, and (as a consequence) overall durability.
Generally represented as a fraction (i.e. 2/48's) the top number indicates yarn ply
and the bottom number indicates how many yards of the yarn weight 1 oz.
Therefore, a 2/48's yarn system is one which has 2 ply, 48 yards of which weigh 1 oz.
This yarn is, obviously finer than a 2/42's, but heavier than a 2/52's.
According results may drive very quickly to
significantly different finished
pile weight for carpets woven with same number of rows.
| Ambassador Hotel
| Courtyard Marriott
Hotel - Lounge et Bar Belle Epoque
Charles de Gaulle
| Westminster Hotel
62520 Le Touquet
| Banque de la Mediterrannee
Beirut - Lebanon
Origin of the raw materials (mainly wool) is also a rather important factor :
British or Irish wools being recognised universally for their durability.
New Zealand wool being worldly know for its brightness and excellent dying properties.
Most of the yarn spun in order to be used into axminster carpets construction will be coming from a blend of those different wools.
|Finally, accurate mending, cropping
and careful finishing
are parts of the manufacturing process as well
Obviously, all these factors are particulary important to the contract sector
fact the words "Axminster carpets" covers
a huge number of carpet quality options and therefore
hotel contract experience as client list are so important at the time of choosing a supplier
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Tel: +33 (0) 970 447 880 - Gsm: +33 (0) 670 643 103
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